The T-26 obr 1933 light tank started life as a copy of a British tank design, but by 1939 it was one of the most common tanks in the Red Army. It is fitted with a cylindrical turret armed with a powerful 45mm gun. Its main role was to support the infantry where its dual purpose gun was equally effective against tanks, guns, and infantry.

 

Light Tanks


The first thing required by the theorists was a breakthrough of the enemy front line. The idea was that massed light tanks would advance with the infantry, destroying enemy machine-gun nests and pinning down the enemy riflemen, allowing the infantry to capture the enemy trenches. This required a relatively cheap and simple design that could be fielded in large numbers. Fortunately, the Vickers-Armstrong company were offering exactly such a design with their 6-ton Type E tank.

The Red Army bought some samples from Vickers and then proceeded to produce an unlicensed copy called the T-26. The first production model of 1932 (obr 1932) was a twin-turreted design with two side-by-side machine-gun turrets. While this seemed like a good idea at the time as it appeared to give the tank twice as much firepower, it quickly became obvious that the difficulties in coordinating two turrets and a driver actually reduced its effectiveness.

The second model (obr 1933) was more conventional with just a single turret mounting a 45mm gun and a coaxial machine-gun. Typical of Soviet tank design, the 45mm gun was one of the most powerful tank guns in the world at the time. The original Vickers design mounted a low-velocity 47mm gun. While this was as effective against machine-gun nests, its anti-tank performance was woeful, especially compared with the Soviet gun.

 

T-26 obr 1933 light tank

  • Armament: 45 mm obr 1932 gun
  • 1 × 7.62 mm MG
  • Weight: 9.4 tonnes
  • Length: 4.88 m
  • Armour: 15 mm
  • Speed: 28 km/h
  • Range: 375 km

 

The T-26 obr 1933 Light Tank in Flames Of War
      Armour    
Name Mobility Front Side Top Equipment and Notes
Weapon Range ROF Anti-tank Firepower  
T-26 obr 1933 Slow Tank 1 1 1 Co-ax MG, Limited vision, Unreliable.
45mm obr 1938 gun 24"/60cm 2 7 4+  

 

 

The Kht-130 Flame Tank


As well as a conventional gun-armed tank, the Soviet Union also created large numbers of flame-thrower tanks, nearly 10% of the entire production run. These KhT-26 and KhT-130 ‘chemical’ (hence ‘Kh’) tanks were fielded in full battalions to add even more punch to assaults on critical positions.

KhT-130 flame-throwing tank

  • Armament: ATO obr 1938 flame gun
  • 1 × 7.62 mm MG
  • Weight: 9.3 tonnes
  • Length: 4.62 m
  • Armour: 15 mm
  • Speed: 30 km/h
  • Range: 225 km


As befitted its infantry support role, the T-26 wasn’t much faster than an infantryman and its armour was bulletproof, but not much else. While not exactly desirable attributes, they did make it cheaper and easier to produce allowing the Soviet Union to manufacture over 10,000 of them — more than the total of all other armies’ tank production up to that point.

 

The Kht-130 Flame Tank in Flames Of War
      Armour    
Name Mobility Front Side Top Equipment and Notes
Weapon Range ROF Anti-tank Firepower  
KhT-130 Slow Tank 1 1 1 Turret MG, Limited cision, Unreliable.
ATO obr 1938 flame-thrower 4"/10cm 3 - 6 Flame-thrower.

 

Contents


  • five T-25 obr 1933 Light Tanks with Kht-130 Flame Tank option

 

 

(24401)

SKU 24401
Barcode # 3346

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